Photos of cotyledons from our plant garden

Here we publish some photos from our herb and vegetable plant garden.

This gallery shows seed leaves also known as first leaves or cotyledons for some of the popular herbs and vegetables we grow.

Here today, we will use the term cotyledons even though it is synonymous with first leaves and seed leaves.

First we get seed leaves or cotyledons and then true leaves start forming
True leaves help identify the coriander seedlings

What are cotyledons?

Cotyledons are the first leaves produced by the seed or embryo of the plant.

Since the cotyledons are a part of the seed, the leaves are often referred to as seed leaves.

The term first leaves separates these first seed leaves from the true leaves that will grow as the seedling develops.

Cotyledons are not always identical. But they often look similar. When the true leaves have formed we can identify the plant or herb we have planted.

What do cotyledons do?

The cotyledons supply the plant or organism with energy to allow the seed to germinate. And it is through the germination the seed turns into an organism sustained by photosynthesis.

Photosynthesis, as I am sure you already know, is the process whereby plants and other organisms convert light energy into the energy needed to fuel the growth of the plant or organism.

Do you know your leaves?

Feel free to guess and see how many of the photos below you can match with the list of herbs and vegetables.

The photos show the following herbs and vegetables (in no particular order):

  1. Cherry tomatoes
  2. Thai basil
  3. Basil (sweet or common basil)
  4. Cayenne peppers long slim chili
  5. Chervil
  6. Parsnip
  7. Chili (Pippuri)
  8. Thyme
  9. Cilantro (Coriander)
  10. Jalapeno peppers
  11. Corn salad
  12. New Zealand spinach
  13. Oregano
  14. Sage
  15. Pepper mint
  16. Rosemary
  17. Striped Stuffer Beefsteak tomato
  18. Habanero Orange pepper
  19. Bhut Jolokia Ghost pepper (extremely hot!)
  20. Wild strawberries

Click link below photo to reveal the correct answer. You can also click the actual photo to open a larger version of the photo.

Mattias Magnusson: Hello, I'm Mattias, a passionate and experienced gardening enthusiast. I am the creator of, your guide to year-round herb and veggie growing. Let's simplify green living, no matter your space or location.